Scottish shale Scottish shale

Clydesdale Chemical Co.

Company number:
Not known
Established 1855
Registered office:

68 Trongate, Glasgow. 24 West Howard St. Glasgow. 81, St. Vincent St. Glasgow.

Oil works:

A company formed in 1855, the partners being those of Wm. Brown & Co., who owned two-thirds of the company, plus John Bain, who owned the land on which the Rosebank Oil Works were built. The bankruptcy of Wm. Brown & Co. in 1858 appear to have left John Bain as sole partner. The court case of E.W. Binney vs Clydesdale Chemical Company for infringement of Young's patent concluded in November 1860 with a substantial award against the Clydesdale Chemical Company. The company appears to have been wound up shortly afterwards, and a new company; Bain & Carlile, formed to take forward the business, which subsequently passed to the firm of Thomas Carlile & Co.


  • William Brown
  • James Brown
  • Charles Wilsone Brown
  • John Bain of Morriston

  • Newspaper references
    • ClydesdaleAdverts.jpg

      1. From The Glasgow Herald, 9th August 1858
      2. From The Preston Chronicle, 5th March 1859
      3. From The Paisley Herald & Renfrewshire Advertiser 9th October 1858


      The Bankruptcy of William Brown & Co.

      Bankruptcy Proceedings, Sheriff Court – Tuesday 5th January


      The bankrupt was examined today before Sheriff Sir Archibald Alison, Bart. Present- Mr. James M'Clelland, trustee ; Mr. Stevenson, of M'Grigors & Stevenson, law agents in the sequestration.

      Mr. William Brown, oil and colour merchant, Stockwell Street, interrogated by Mr. STEVENSON - I have been a merchant since 1813. On1st January, 1840, my eldest son James was admitted a partner, and my second son, Charles , on 1st January 1841. I have carried on business in connection with my sons since these dates My capital was £12,800 of my own in the business when my Son James was admitted a partner, independent of my private fortune. My business was then profitable. It might be worth from £2,500 to £3,000 a year. Generally speaking, my business has continued to be profitable down to this date.

      Apart from my general business I had a good deal of speculation in connection with railway stock, oil, tallow, cotton, and corn. My loss on oil was £5,000; on tallow £9,000; on cotton and other produce, £3,800; on corn £2,200. Between 1845 and 1852 there was a loss by speculating in railway stock of £19,900. These transactions were all on account of the firm. Produces a state of affairs in 1856, the result being, after deducting the securities held by the banks as against their own claim it showed the liabilities at that time to have been £43,134. Valuing the bank stock and other property we hold at the price of the day it amounted to £46,266, showing a balance in our favour of £3142. The state of affairs now made up in 1857 by Mr. M'Clelland prior to the date of sequestration, as at 12th November showed my liabilities to be £71,909. The assets at the same date were £31,282 showing the deficiency as between 1856 and 1857 to be £ 40,547. The chief part of it arises from the position of the Western Bank. There was a loss of £2,300 on the Sperm Oil Company; and the shares held by me in the Western Bank were valued at £18,675, beside 103 shares held by me in connection with the transaction with J&J Wright, which were valued at £8,600; but are no valueless. The deponent thinks that if the Western Bank had not stopped their insolvency would not have taken place. Has a house belonging individually to him in Athol Place, Glasgow and another in Wemyss Bay. Both of the houses are vested in trustee by marriage settlement. The Athol Place house was burdened with a heritable bond for £1,800. That £1,800 was expended by me in building the house at Wemyss Bay

      Interrogated by Mr.WRIGHT, for Mr. Robert M 'Cowan - I was a partner of the Sperm Oil Company. The company was formed in June, 1856. It was to endure, according to the contract, for seven or ten years. James M'Kenzie, presently residing at Largs, John Bain of Morriston, and ourselves, were the partners, Our share was one third. The capital was £9000. The works were at Cambuslang. They were leased by the company. They adjoined the Clydesdale Chemical Works. I was a partner of the Clydesdale Chemical Company. The operative part of the Sperm Oil Company was managed by Mr Carlyle. I was frequently there myself and superintended the works. -,My firm were the managers along with other parties. Wm Brown & Co. took charge of the counting house department. I signed bills for the Sperm Oil Company Wm.Brown & Co, were the parties. The capital contributed by the partners for carrying on the works of the concern was either £7500 or £7000. Wm. Brown & Sons contributed none of that sum. The company made an article for fine machinery called hyper-sperm oil. I cannot state how much was made per annum. The Clydesdale Chemical Company came into existence in July, 1855. The partners were John Bain of Morriston and my own firm holding two-thirds. I agreed to advance £2,000, one-half in cash and the other in apparatus. I did so.

      Mr. Brown here declined to answer certain questions as to the value of the patents of the Clydesdale Chemical Co., alleging that Mr. Wright had no right to question him as to the property of other people, and that he had ceased on his insolvency to have any connection with that company.
      Interrogated - where the Clydesdale Chemical Co. erected works for carrying on their business?
      Deponed - They were erected at Cambuslang, contiguous to those of the Hyper-Sperm Oil Co.
      Interrogated: - What they made in those works?
      Deponed; - Railway grease and paraffin and other oils. Wm Brown &Co. superintended the manufacture.
      Interrogated - Who took charge of the counting house and sales department of the company's chemical business?
      Deponed. - My firm did, so up to the time I ceased to be a partner.

      Mr. WRIGHT (so far as we could gather, for the proceedings again resolved into a whisper, as if only a private confab had been going on, in which we, as representing the public, had no concern) here desired to go into a line of examination as to the conduct of the affairs of the Clydesdale Chemical Co. after Mr. Brown had ceased to be a partner. Mr. STEVENSON. objected to this course as irregular, and tended to compromise third parties who were not here present He contended that Mr.Wright was entitled to get information as to the affairs Wm. Brown &Co but not to go into the affairs of other and solvent parties. His (Mr. Wright's) object seemed to be to get, in an indirect form, the information not bearing on the affairs of Wm. Brown & Co., and therefore irrelevant to the present examination. Interrogatory and objection recorded to await the decision of the Sheriff at next diet.

      The Glasgow Herald 6th January 1858


      RUMOURED FAILURE. The Mail of Tuesday says, —Allusion was made in the commercial article in yesterday's Mail to a rumour of the stoppage of John Bain, Esq., of Morriston. We are happy to be able, on the best authority, to contradict the report in question. Mr Bain is a partner of the Clydesdale Chemical Company, a concern which was thrown into a state of embarrassment the failure of William Brown and Company, and to this fact may probably ascribed the rumours circulated for some days derogatory to Mr Bain's credit. But the whole debts of that company do not exceed £10,000, and its assets with the surplus of Mr Bain's personal property will, it is expected, fully meet its liabilities. The Chemical Company is the only trading firm with which Mr Bain is connected. His estate consists of heritable and other valuable securities, which will more than pay all his debts. The banks from which Mr Bain has advances are completely covered by such securities, that no hurt or damage can arise from Mr Bain's affairs to the banking commercial interests of the city.

      Paisley Herald and Renfrewshire Advertiser, 10th April 1858