Scottish shale Scottish shale

Baads (lands)

West Calder, Midlothian
Local authority:
West Lothian

This large estate was divided into three areas. Oil shale occured in the northern most of these, rocks of the coal measures lay beneath the other areas. Young's PL&MO Co. worked the Hurlet coal to fuel their oilworks.

Annotation on 1870's plan

Land owned by Miss Douglas. - Minerals in northern area let to Young's Oil Co., minerals not let in other parts.

Archive records

Leasee Owner Start date End date Relinquished date Full reference
Young's PL&MO Co. Ltd 1877 215852 (page77)
Young's PL&MO Co. Ltd Aretus Akers Douglas 1884 1903 1889 215852 (page 77)
Young's PL&MO Co. Ltd. (shale) Lord Chilston 1938 1969 213942, 1 of 6
Young's PL&MO Co. Ltd (coal) Lord Chilston 1938 1969 213942, 1 of 6

Archive plans

(Coal) has been dug for in various places, but never to much advantage, except at Longford on the estate of Mr. Douglas of Baads. The working of this coal has been discontinued for many years. But we understand, that the proprietor has now given a lease and some attempts have been already made to find out the best place of erecting an engine.

Old Statistical Account - Parish of West Calder, Rev. Mr Muckersie, 1795


(Ironstone) has been found about two fathoms above the coal at Longford; but only a small quantity has as yet been wrought there

New Statistical Account - Parish of West Calder, Rev. William Learmonth, 1845

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