Scottish shale Scottish shale

Hut mines and quarry

Uphall, Linlithgowshire
Local authority:
West Lothian
Seams worked:
Broxburn Shale
Both old and new mines opened pre-1883
Old mine closed 1890, new mine closed 1912
Current status of site:
Wooded waste ground
Regional overview:


Inclined adit

Serving Broxburn Oil Works

Inclined mines that followed the Broxburn Shales westwards from their outcrop on the western arm of the Broxburn anticline. It appears that the shale was subsequently quarried along the line of the outcrop, the extent of this opencast working increasing between successive editions of OS map in1896 and 1916.

Mineral Statistics (see below) for 1883 record that Alex Kennedy was manager of Hut (old) and Hut (new) mines, both non-fiery mines working the Broxburn shale by stoop and room, and ventilated by steam.

  • Hut (old) mine with down and upcast shafts measuring 6'x6' and 9'x6' respectively
  • Hut (new mine) with down and upcast shafts measuring 10'x5' and 9'x6' respectively, employing 17 men above and 53 below ground, and having a history of one fatality and five injuries

The 1884 report records similar details by notes injuries to six persons.

Shale-field: Broxburn district.

Mapped by the Ordnance Survey of c.1896, following closure of the mine, presumably located within the area marked "old shale pit".

  • Location & workings at Hut mines & quarry
    • Show seams:

  • Detailed maps
  • Recent images

  • Mineral statistics
    • During much of the Victorian period, Her Majesty's Inspectors of Mines produced an annual report to the Secretary of State recording the output of coal and other minerals, plus a variety of associated statistics, including a list of mines. The format and detail of these "Mineral Statistics" varied considerably, each Mine Inspector compiling a report of this own area according to his own style. Scotland was served by two mines inspectors; being divided into eastern and western districts.


      The most detailed of these reports provide substantial information on each pit, including details of shafts, ventilation and methods of working, and the number employed at each site. Others provide little more than name of the pit, the owner, and the seam worked. Mineral Statistics for certain years have been digitised in full and are available through, others are available, for a fee as Google books, and some have been partly transcribed (to varying degrees of accuracy) and made available through various mines research sites. Our museum holds a number of annual Mineral Statistics from the 1880's.

  • External references
      • Coal Authority Mine Abandonment Catalogue No. 2492, showing workings in the Curly and Broxburn Shale from Hut Mine, abandoned in 1890.
      • Coal Authority Mine Abandonment Catalogue No. 5823, showing workings in the Grey, Curly and Broxburn Shale from Hut Mine, abandoned in 1912.