Scottish shale Scottish shale

Hopetoun No.35 pit

Alternative names:
Threemiletown pit
Kirkliston, Linlithgowshire and Midlothian
Local authority:
West Lothian
Seams worked:
Broxburn Shale
Current status of site:
Returned to agriculture leaving few traces other than a boundary wall
Regional overview:


Vertical shaft

Serving Hopetoun Oil Works

A substantial pit, ultimately linked underground to Hopetoun No. 6 Mine, and served by the standard gauge railway to Hopetoun Oil Works.

Redhouse Cottages were constructed close to the pit head.

Mapped by the Ordnance Survey of c.1917, showing the pit in production.

  • Location & workings at Hopetoun No.35 pit
    • Show seams:

  • Detailed maps
  • Drawings

    Recent images

  • Newspaper references

      OFFERS WANTED to SINK No 35 PIT, HOPETOUN, near Winchburgh, from a depth of 26½ Fathoms, where it now stands, to about 80 Fathoms. Copy of Specification and any other information may be had from Messrs Johnstone & Rankine, Mining Engineers, 235 West George Street, Glasgow, and from the Company's Local Mining Manager, Mr Rankine, Hopetoun Works, Winchburgh. Tenders to be lodged with the Undersigned on or before Monday, 16th. The Directors do not bind themselves to accept the lowest or any offer.

      Glasgow Herald, 1st August 1896


      The miners in No.35 pit, belonging to Messrs Young's Oil Co., have again been thrown idle on account of the water rising. Pumping operations are in full swing, and it is expected the miners will be able to resume work in a few days.

      West Lothian Courier, 30th November 1911


      The opening up of the ground beyond the Waterstone fault has proceeded satisfactorily and the shale is of excellent quality (June 1924). The Broxburn seam is opening up well beyond the fault recently crossed (March 1925).

      From Scottish Oils Ltd, Managing Director's Monthly Report to the Board. (BP Archive No. 215662)

  • External references
      • Coal Authority Mine Abandonment Catalogue No. 15101A, showing workings in the Broxburn Main, Upper Gray, Grey, and Upper Shales from Hopetoun No. 35 pit, abandoned in 1958.
      • Agreement No. 386. Licence under the Explosives Act for a mixed explosives store at No. 35 pit, Threemiletown, February 1906. Young's Paraffin Light & Mineral Oil Company Ltd.; Inventory of Leases, Agreements &c. BP Archive 215854.
  • Additional resources
      • Oral history transcript: Mr Grant Bernard
      • Oral history transcript: Mr George Bertram
      • Oral history transcript: Mr Edward Caulfield
      • Oral history transcript: Mr James Dougal
      • Oral history transcript: Mr Archibald Fairley
      • Oral history transcript: Mr Peter Gray