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Occupations & Trades of the Shale Oil Industry

Still men

Refinery staff

The mining of shale, its retorting and refining, and the packaging and distribution of its products, involved many different processes. Each step in the production process was often the responsibility of a different occupation or trade. Each occupation had its own wage rate and representation, and often carried its own social status.

Some of the more specialist occupations are listed below; often a variety of terms were used to describe a particular occupation, depending on the location and period.