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Coal-oil works in Staffordshire

Background

THE NEW OIL TRADE OF NORTH STAFFORDSHIRE. new and very extensive field of industry has recently been opened North Staffordshire. In the year 1851 Mr. Young patented a process for extracting oil from Cannel coal, which is principally found the coalfields of Scotland and North Wales. Three yeas ago was discovered that the common shale of North Staffordshire possessed similar properties, which might be turned to good account under the same patent This shale abounds In millions of tons near the North Staffordshire ironstone seams, and has hitherto been considered worthless refuse, a premium having been frequently paid colliery proprietors for the removal of the large heaps of the material which had accumulated the pit mouths the course of the excavations for ironstone. The discovery was at first only known one firm colliery proprietors, who obtained the raw material free of cost from other mine owners in the neighbourhood. The latter, however, at length discovered the secret, and at once demanded and obtained ss. per ton for their shale, which has suddenly become valuable coal itself, being worth lbs. per. ton to the proprietor, who chooses to extract the oil from it himself. This discovery has of course worked a revolution the value of the ironstone mines of the district and many mines which have been worked to their full extent and closed up, will be reopened for the purpose of extracting the now precious the meantime Mr. Young's patent has expired, and the process of extracting the oil has become common property, and near 100 tons of crude oil being produced every week within short distance from Burslem and Tunstall, though, as compared with its future magnitude, trade can scarcely be said to have begun. The oil thus obtained its crude state has hitherto been sent to distant refineries- was ascertained that the erection of an oil refinery on the spot would be a saving of £3. per ton to the producer carriage and leakage. meet this want some half-dozen gentlemen residing Tunstall and the neighbourhood, including several extensive owners of shale mines, formed themselves into a company, under the title of the North Staffordshire Oil Company (Limited). The works, which are now almost completed, and were opened a small scale last week, have been built at a cost of £12,000.. on about three acres of ground, near what is known as Bradwell Wood, close to the North Staffordshire Railway, and midway between the Burslem and Tunstall stations. Immense tanks and stills and all the most modern oil refining apparatus have been erected, and the company intend, as the trade to enlarge the works double their present dimensions, to be able to refine 200 tons of crude oil per week.— Manchester Examiner.  Birmingham Journal 3rd January 1867

To be LET, on Lease, COBRIDGE OIL REFINERY, situated In the heart of the Pottery District, and centre of the great North Staffordshire coalfield, where any quantity of fine Crude Oil and Shale can be had cheap, is a rare opportunity for enterprise being In the midst of a fine district for the sale of all the products. Apply: HL Ward, Hanley, Staffordshire Birmingham Daily Post, 19th October 1871

Extracting Oil, Coal from coal shale in the West Riding.—The West Riding Iron and Coal Company, whose extensive collieries and iron works are situated at East Ardsley and at Tingley, between Leeds and Wakefield, have now no fewer than thirty retorts employed in extracting oil from coal shale. The shale found the seam black coal, or top bed, at a distance 65 yards from the surface. The shale is chipped off the coal at the pit top, and is then taken the retorts, which are charged with it every hour. The vital part the shale passes away in vapour, and is caught by condensing pipes, being thus liquified, and so passed into tanks. It is then pumped into stills, where is chemically treated, and the tar extracted from it. After going through other processes rendered fit for use. Two kinds oil are thus made. The lighter is used lamps, and the heavier for greasing machinery. The sediment placed in cloths and pressed by hydraulic power, after which used for making paraffin. Paisley Herald and Renfrewshire Advertiser 28th August 1869