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Pathhead Oil Works

Location Approximately 55.406316, -4.196214 show in map
Former parish and county Parish of New Cumnock, Ayrshire
Current local authority area East Ayrshire
Construction history Presumably constructed c.1867
Ownership history Unknown
Demolition history Presumably after c. 1876, although marked on the 1896 OS map
Current status of site Agriculture, rough grazing


Redwood lists that Pathhead Oil Works was located in Fife and active between 1867 and 1876. This might have referred to Pathhead, just east of Kirkcaldy, an area with many port-linked industries including a whale oil refinery. It seems more likely however that Redwood's notes were incorrectly transcribed and should related to Pathhead, near New Cumnock, Ayrshire.

Valuation Records

Not yet located


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland

Recent Images


All along the route form Kilmarnock to New Cumnock search has been made with considerable success, and at the latter mentioned place an oil work has been erected by Messrs. Brown & Co. for the distillation of the Ayrshire shale into its numerous compounds. The Scotsman, 1866

Two gas coals are also known near Pathhead, on the northern margin of the basin, at horizons below the three already considered. The higher was in one place about 6ft. thick, and is said to have consisted almost entirely of cannel. This seam was at one time treated at the Pathhead oil-works, but little information has been obtained about it, either as regards extent or quality. Memoirs of the Geological Survey in Scotland Vol XXIV Cannel Coals, Lignite and Mineral Oil in Scotland by W. Gibson, 1922

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