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Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits

 

A Recognised Collection of National Importance

Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Overview of the Deans area

Overview of the Deans area

Deans No.1 mine "Open mine" -ventilation for No.1? Deans Caputhall Mine mine to Stanley shale from opencast Entrance to Stanley shale workings from quarry face Deans No.3 entrance from quarry face air pit,  8 fathoms, shown on LSP 53R air pit,  8 fathoms, shown on LSP 53R air pit, 6 fathoms, shown on LSP 53R air pit, 7 fathoms, shown on LSP 53R Deans No.2 mine Deans No.2 mine Deans no.4 pit Pumpherston Oil Co., Deans No.4 mine Pumpherston Oil Co., Deans No.4 mine Pit to Broxburn shale, marked on LSP 52

Hover over markers to identify each location; click on markers to link to pages.

Background

The shales of the Deans area do not seem to have been worked prior to formation of the West Lothian Oil Company Ltd in 1884. Most mines were aligned to a tramway, running NW in a straight line line for three quarters of a mile form Deans Crude Oil Works. A branch from No. 1 mine served No. 3 mine and a large quarry area where Dunnet Shale was opencast.

In the early days of the company, Dunnet shale was quarried and mines sunk to the Dunnet and the Fells shale. Workings later extended to the Pattison and Stanley Shales and efforts made to exploit the Broxburn Shale. The company failed in 1891 amongst claims of unsound management. Mineral rights were purchased by the Pumpherston Oil Company Ltd c.1895 who appear to have reopened some of the mines and worked out the reserves prior to sinking new mines to the south and west of Deans Crude Oil Works. A note in a Pumpherston Oil Company Ltd agreement book (BP Archive 183749), dated December 1900 makes reference to Deans No. 1 and Deans No. 2 mines, and also a Deans coal pit exploiting 2ft coal and an overlying seam of grey shale.

The West Lothian Oil Company Ltd are throught to have worked the following mines:

Within the region of the map (above), Pumpherston Oil Company Ltd operated:

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