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Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits


A Recognised Collection of National Importance

Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Stewartfield No.1 pit

Stewartfield No.1 pit

Location 55.938744, -3.463557, show in map
Shale-field Broxburn district
Dates opened and closed Probably opened early 1860's, closed pre-1897
Owner Robert Bell ?, subsequently Broxburn Oil Company Ltd
Type of working Pit, 7 fathoms deep
Seams worked Broxburn Shale
Oil works served Uncertain, one of a number of early oil works in Broxburn? subsequently Broxburn Oil Works
Current status of site Site of bing cleared and now a football pitch


The history of the shale workings in the Stewartfield area is unclear. It appears that Stewartfield No. 1, No. 2, No. 3 and No. 4 Pits were early, shallow shafts that were ultimately linked up underground. Stewartfield No. 1 and No. 2 Mines were subsequently developed, following the seam of Broxburn Shale from its outcrop close to Broxburn Oil Works, linking existing workings, and providing access to the most distant reserves.


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings

Recent Images


Further research is required on the following references, which seem most likely to refer to Stewartfield No. 1 Mine (rather than No. 1 Pit), but are incompatible with other evidence.

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