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Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits


A Recognised Collection of National Importance

Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Stankards No.1 pit

Stankards No.1 pit

Location 55.924039, -3.497815, show in map
Shale-field Broxburn shale-field
Dates opened and closed No.1 pit opened c.1866?, closed 1873. No.45 mine opened c.1910 and closed 1912
Owner Uphall Mineral Oil Company (Meldrum, McLagan & Simpson)?, Uphall Mineral Oil Company Ltd?, Uphall Oil Company Ltd?, Young's Paraffin Light & Mineral Oil Company Ltd
Type of working Vertical shaft 24 fathoms deep (No.1), Adit, inclined at 1 in 4 (No.45)
Seams worked Upper Broxburn, Broxburn, Grey Shales
Oil works served Uphall Oil Works
Current status of site Waste ground and industrial yard


Stankards No. 1 was presumably one of the first pits serving Uphall Oil Works, which opened in about 1866. The pit was abandoned in 1873, however OS maps suggest that some surface buildings survived into the 1890's, following which the site was buried beneath the advancing bing from Uphall Oil Works.

The workings were re-opened briefly from a new mine, Stankards No. 45. The shales of the Stankards basin were also worked by Roman Camp No. 4 Mine.


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings

Recent Images


A visitor to the Uphall works – more especially if he should fall into the courteous hands of Mr Meldrum, who delights in explaining everything aborigine – would probably find himself conducted in the first instance to the shale pit, where a steam-engine is constantly employed in hauling up from a depth of 27 fathoms supplies of the raw material, the quantity brought to bank varying from 120 to 130 tons per day. The Scotsman, 27th December 1871.


Accident Reports

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