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Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits


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Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Roman Camp No.4 pit

Roman Camp No.4 pit

Location 55.925411, -3.496972, show in map
Shale-field Pumpherston shale-field
Dates opened and closed Opened c.1906, abandoned 1926
Owner Broxburn Oil Company Ltd
Type of working Vertical shaft
Seams worked Broxburn, Curly, Grey, and Fells Shale
Oil works served Roman Camp Oil Works
Current status of site Contractor's yard


This pit, (previously known as Loaninghill No. 4), exploited the Stankards Basin; a restricted area of shales north of Edinburgh - Bathgate railway that were previously worked by Stankards No. 1 Pit. A tramway passing beneath the railway carried hutches of shale to Roman Camp Oil Works.


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings


Recent Images


The old mine workings in the Broxburn shale at (Stankards) proved that this seam dips at an angle of 15 degrees while the Pumpherston shale around Powflats dips north and northwest. A new pit is at present being sunk to the Broxburn shale, a short distance to the south-east of Middleton Hall, and when its underground workings are opened out they will doubtless throw light upon the structure of this area. Oil Shales of the Lothians; British Geological Survey, 1906.

The roof is still giving trouble as a result of the crush, and this has affected the costs in this mine (June 1924). A severe crush has also made itself felt in the north side of the mine (June 1925). From Scottish Oils Ltd, Managing Director's Monthly Report to the Board. (BP Archive No. 215662)

Along the western side of the (Stankards) basin, the Broxburn shales were worked from No.1 Stankards Pit, which was abandoned in 1873. The eastern area of the Broxburn shales was raised from a pit first known as Loaninghill and later as No.4 until 1926, by which time the seam had been practically worked out. The Fells shale was tapped from the same pit and found to be not worth working. Geological Survey wartime Pamphlet No.27 Oil-Shales of the Lothians: Area 2 - Pumpherston, 1942.

Accident Records


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