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Coal shale pits

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Roman Camp No. 2 (North) mine

Location 55.918545, -3.480404 show in map
Shale-field Pumpherston shale- field
Dates opened and closed Closed 1893. re-opened post 1896 and pre 1916, and closed 1930
Owner Perhaps the Broxburn Oil Company Ltd?
Type of working Inclined adit
Seams worked Curly, Plain, Under or Wee seams of the Pumpherston Shale (No. 2 North)
Oil works served Perhaps Roman Camp Oil Works
Current status of site Waste land

Background

Roman Camp No. 2 Mine, (latterly referred to as Roman Camp No. 2 (North) Mine), worked the steep inclined seams of Pumpherston Shales in the eastern arm of the Pumpherston anticline. It was latterly worked in association with Roman Camp No. 2 (South) Mine. The early history of shale working in the Roman Camp / Drumshoreland area remains unclear (see Roman Camp Cawburn Mine for further discussion).

Roman Camp No. 2 Mine is listed as abandoned in 1893; the year that the Broxburn Oil Company's new Roman Camp Oil Works came into full production. It might be assumed that the mine had been in operation for some time previously; perhaps supplying shale to Broxburn Oil Works? The 1896 OS map shows an "old mine" on the site of Roman Camp No. 2 (North), with a structure suggesting an eastward-facing adit, in line with the outcrop of the Pumpherston Shales.

The 1916 map shows Roman Camp No. 2 (North) back in operation apparently using the same adit. The three new waste tips suggest a substantial scale of operation, probably linked to a new mine at Roman Camp No. 2 (South).

Both the 1896 and 1916 maps show pithead structures labelled (in 1896) " Cawburn Shale Mine". It is unclear whether this pit was associated with the workings of Roman Camp No. 2 Mine.

The site was subsequently redeveloped for the construction of Roman Camp No. 6 Mine.

Maps

Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings

Drawings

Recent Images

Snippets

The No.2 Roman Camp mine, owned by the Broxburn Oil Company, in which an outbreak of fire occurred about three weeks ago, is still closed down. Practically all the men have found employment, however, in other mines belonging to the company. The management are hopeful that they will be able to enter the mine in the course of a week or so. The West Lothian Courier, 20th June 1913.

Accident Records

References