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Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits


A Recognised Collection of National Importance

Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Philpstoun No.1 mine

Philpstoun No. 1 mine

Location 55.976228, -3.517731 show in map
Shale-field Champfleurie, Philpstoun and Blackness shale-fields
Dates opened and closed Opened 1885, abandoned 1931
Owner James Ross & Company, James Ross & Company Philpstoun Oil Works Ltd
Type of working Inclined adit
Seams worked Broxburn, Upper Broxburn and Dunnet Shales
Oil works served Philpstoun Oil Works
Current status of site Wooded waste land


A substantial mine, located close to the retorts of Philpstoun Oil Works, which remained in production throughout the active life of the oil works. A second No. 1 Mine (referred to here as Philpstoun Whitequarries No. 1) was sunk in 1939 at a site 1.3 miles to the north east at Whitequarries, which presumably linked to the workings of the original Philpstoun No. 1.


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings

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One of the cross cut mines has reached the Broxburn seam at a distance of 266 fathoms. The shale is looking well, and this area will be developed energetically to give an output of better quality than lately available (October 1924). From Scottish Oils Ltd, Managing Director's Monthly Report to the Board. (BP Archive No. 215662)

Accident Records


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