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Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits


A Recognised Collection of National Importance

Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Renfrewshire Coal Oil > Fulton Pits

Fulton ironstone, coal & shale pits

Location Parish of Kilbarchan, Renfrewshire - various sites
Shale-field Renfrewshire shalefield
Dates opened and closed Minerals worked pre-1857 to c.1885
Owner J Greenshields & Son, J. Liddell & Co. Walkinshaw Oil Company
Type of working pits
Seams worked Lilies's coal shale,coal, ironstone, coal
Oil works served East Fulton Oil Works, Inkerman Oil Works
Current status of site Within urban area of Linwood, no surface features survive.


Available evidence suggests that existing ironstone and coal mine(s) were taken over by James Greenshields & Son to supply shale to their East Fulton shale oil works. Ownership ultimately passed to the Walkinshaw Oil Co, on its formation in c.1880

The first edition OS map (surveyed c.1857) show two ironstone pits (both titled "Fulton pit - ironstone"), linked by a tramway to a limeworks and coal pit at Darluth. The OS names book shows all these premises were worked by the ironmasters Merry & Cunninghame, and that the pits were titled Fulton No.1 and Fulton No.2 - without identifying which was which.

Fulton pit was listed in successive editions of Mineral Statistics:

Location Maps

Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Key to markers on the location maps.

  1. "Old shaft" marked on the 1895 OS map but absent from the first edition (c.1857) show in map
  2. Fulton ironstone pit (1), marked on the first edition OS map (c.1857) show in map
  3. Fulton ironstone pit (2), marked on 1857 OS map and derelict presumed site of East Fulton oil works from 1895 map.show in map
  4. Darluth coal and lime works, marked on 1857 OS map, linked to Fulton pits by tramway and also owned by Merry & Cunninghame) show in map

Site Maps

Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

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