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Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits


A Recognised Collection of National Importance

Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Mid Breich No.4 pit

Mid Breich No.4 pit

Location 55.861582, -3.593831, show in map
Shale-field Breich shale-field
Dates opened and closed Opened prior to 1896, abandoned 1903
Owner Hermand Oil Company Ltd (New), New Hermand Oil Company Ltd
Type of working Vertical shaft, 117 ft. deep, (19.5 fathoms)
Seams worked Fells Shale
Oil works served Breich Oil Works
Current status of site Pit site amongst shrub and trees; no obvious remains of surface features remain


Labelled "Hermand Oil Works No. 4" on OS map, workings in the Fells Shale from No. 4 Pit appear to have been linked underground to those of Mid Breich No. 2 Mine. It appears to have been the only one of the Hermand Oil Company pits to have been re-opened by the New Hermand Oil Company.

See also Early Shale Workings in the Breich Area.


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings

Recent Images


Owing to the stoppage of Linlithgow Oil Company, half of the output of the company's crude oil would not now be required, and this compelled them to stop No. 4 pit, to take off a bench of retorts, and stop the night shift in the mine. The directors proposed to the men that the inferior shale at the bottom of the seam be not worked, and only the four feet of good shale be taken out of the mine. Edinburgh Evening News, 8th February 1902

Accident Records


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