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Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits


A Recognised Collection of National Importance

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Hermand mine

Location 55.849525, -3.548687 show in map
Shale-field West Calder district
Dates opened and closed Opened c1940, abandoned 1961
Owner Oakbank Oil Company Ltd (New)
Type of working Inclined adit
Seams worked Dunnet Shale
Oil works served Westwood Crude Oil Works
Current status of site Site landscaped and private residence built on the mine site


A small mine begun immediately prior to World War Two. Hutches were hauled up the steeply inclined adit in carriages. The mine was linked by a standard gauge siding.


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings

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NEW SHALE MINE AT WEST CALDER Workmen have started operations to sink a new shale mine at Hermand, West Calder. The shalefield has been tested by bores and it has been found that there is a large deposit of shale on the Hermand estate. The mine will provide work for a large number of men when it is opened up. Aberdeen Journal 28th December 1938

Accident Records


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