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Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits


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Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Hermand No.5 pit

Hermand No.5 pit

Location 55.840619, -3.555002, show in map
Shale-field West Calder district
Dates opened and closed Last worked 1892, abandoned 1894
Owner Hermand Oil Company Ltd (Old), Hermand Oil Company Ltd (New)
Type of working Vertical shaft, 11 fathoms to Houston coal, 43 fathoms to Fells Shale
Seams worked Broxburn Shale
Oil works served Hermand Oil Works
Current status of site Site returned to agriculture; no trace of surface works survive


A pit sited within the lands of Birniehill farm. A "mineral railway" transported shale from No. 5 pit to staging and crushers, sited close to Hermand Oil Works, that also processed output from Hermand No.6 mine.


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings


Recent Images


The South Hermand field, in the neighbourhood of Birnie Hill was worked both by pits and mines for some years by the Hermand Oil Co. Ltd., but has been abandoned on account of the number of faults which intersect the ground and the heavy pumping that was necessary to keep the workings dry. Oil Shales of the Lothians; British Geological Survey, 1906.


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