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Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits


A Recognised Collection of National Importance

Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Grange No.3 pit

Grange No.3 pit

Location 55.868943, -3.567761,show in map
Shale-field Polbeth and Gavieside shale-field
Dates opened and closed Opened 1860's?, abandoned 1870's?
Owner James Raeburn, Midlothian Oil Company Ltd
Type of working Vertical shaft, 23 fathoms deep
Seams worked Raeburn Shale
Oil works served Grange Shale Oil Works
Current status of site Waste bing remains as the only trace of surface workings


The history and identity of this pit remains uncertain.

The pit marked as "old shaft" on the 1895 OS map accessed an area of Raeburn Shale which was separated from the seam worked by Grange No. 1 & No. 2 Pits only by shale left intact beneath the West Calder to Livingston road. The shaft lies close the site of Grange Shale Oil Works and is therefore assumed to have served them. We have used the title Grange No. 3, although no pit of that name appears in abandonment plan records or in "Mines and Pits Sunk".

Two shafts at the southernmost extent of the Raeburn Shale have been tentatively identified as Gavieside No. 3 Pit. This served Gavieside Paraffin Oil Works and might represent a second phase of working the Raeburn Shale following abandonment of Grange Shale Oil Works.


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings

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