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Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Gavieside No.3 pit

Gavieside No.3 pit

Location 55.864362, -3.567424, show in map
Shale-field Polbeth and Gavieside shale-field
Dates opened and closed Opened c.1875 ? abandoned 1879
Owner West Calder Oil Company Ltd
Type of working Vertical shafts
Seams worked Raeburn Shale
Oil works served Gavieside Paraffin Oil Works
Current status of site No surface features survive other than flattened site of waste bing and route of tramway

Background

The history and identity of this pit is uncertain, but seems to be associated with Grange No. 3 Pit.

An area of the Raeburn Shale appears to have been worked from a shaft adjacent to Grange Shale Oil Works (termed here Grange No. 3), and from two shafts near Briestonhill House (termed here Gavieside No. 3), which appear to have been linked to Gavieside Paraffin Oil Works by a tramway carried across the moss on a causeway. Neither Grange No. 3 nor Gavieside No. 3 are listed in "Mines and Pits Sunk", and only Gavieside No. 3 is listed in Mine Abandonment Catalogue - as working Raeburn Shale and abandoned in 1879.

It seems possible that the area of Raeburn Shale was first worked by John Raeburn of the Grange Shale Oil Works from Grange No. 3 Pit. On closure of those works in 1875, the West Calder Oil Company sunk two new shafts near Briestonhill House - Gavieside No. 3 Pit - to access the Raeburn Shale. These remained in production until the failure of the West Calder Oil Company. However, a note on Geological Survey plan LSP 578 indicates that the Raeburn Shale adjacent to Gavieside No. 3 was last worked in 1866 is at variance with this hypothesis.

Maps

Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings

References

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