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Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Duddingston No. 1 & 2 mines

Duddingston No. 1 & 2 mines

Location 55.984503, -3.447353, show in map
Shale-field Duddingston shale-field
Dates opened and closed Opened 1900, abandoned 1941
Owner Oakbank Oil Company Ltd
Type of working Inclined adit
Seams worked Camps, Dunnet and Barracks Shales
Oil works served Niddry Castle Crude Oil Works
Current status of site Mine site restored and returned to agriculture


Mines driven to exploit the Camps and Dunnet Shales beneath the Hopetoun Estate, linked to Niddry Castle Crude Oil Works by electric tramway. Duddingston was the first completely electrified mine in the Scottish shale oil industry.


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings


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There were, he said, two mines; No.1 was the haulage road, and No.2 the travelling road. These two roads were connected by cross-cuts. There was a double set of rails on the haulage road, and it was worked on the endless tow-rope system. The hutches were fastened to the tow-rope by means of a chain 12 ft. long.....The system was one of the most modern. The travelling road was 10ft wide by 6ft high, and the haulage road about 12ft wide by 7ft high. Enquiry into the deaths of George Stirret and Harry Feeney, quoted in Linlithgowshire Gazette, 5th August 1912

The Barracks seam has been reached in the section of No.1 mine where it had been cut off by a fault, and a test has given yields of 20.5 gallons of crude oil and 40.5 lbs of Sulphate, the oil yield being better than usual for this seam. (March 1924). From Scottish Oils Ltd, Managing Director's Monthly Report to the Board. (BP Archive No. 215662)

SHALE WORKING IN WEST LOTHIAN. The Oakbank Oil Company, who some time ago obtained a lease of the shale on that part of the Hopetoun estate between the village of Winchburgh and the Firth of Forth, have sunk two pits near the village of Duddingston. The shale covers a large area, and the seam is a thick and rich one. The company are at present erecting a block of houses in tlie neighbourhood of the mines to accommodate a number of their workmen engaged there, and are also making preparations for the erection of crude oil and sulphate of ammonia works near the ruin of Niddry Castle. The works and the mines, which will be two miles apart, are to be connected with a railway. Sixty houses have also been erected in the village of Winchburgh, and the School Board are contemplating an extension of the Winchburgh Public School to give accommodation to tho additional children that will require to be provided for. Edinburgh Evening News 21st April 1902

Accident Records


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