<<< BACK to previous page

Scottish mines

Oil shale pits

Coal shale pits


A Recognised Collection of National Importance

Home > Companies & Works > Shale Mines > Baads No.15 pit

Baads No.15 pit

Location 55.839437, -3.592343, show in map
Shale-field West Calder shale-field
Dates opened and closed Opened c.1872, abandoned about 1883 ?
Owner Young's Paraffin Light & Mineral Oil Company Ltd
Type of working Vertical shaft, about 100 fathoms deep
Seams worked Fells Shale, Broxburn Shale and Houston Coal
Oil works served Addiewell Chemical Works
Current status of site Substantial waste bing (merged with the bing of Baads No. 17 Mine) set within agricultural land


Workings in the Fells Shale and a small area of Broxburn Shale, linked by cross-cut mine to the workings of Baads No. 22 Pit. Houston Coal was also worked. The mine was served by a standard gauge mineral railway to Addiewell Chemical Works. The substantial pithead complex included two shafts; it is unclear whether shale and coal were serviced from different shafts. The BGS plan shows that Broxburn Shale was last worked in 1881, and Houston Coal in 1883.


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings

Plan of Workings

Recent Images


The Fells Shale was extensively worked at No.15 pit, situated 400 yards to the North West of Baads, which was sunk 150 fathoms to the Broxburn Shale, and a level cross-cut mine was driven at this depth to the Fells Shale. This shaft passed through the (Blackbrae) fault. Oil Shales of the Lothians; British Geological Survey, 1906.

Accident Records


creative commons

We are happy to licence use of many images, extracts, and other resources of this website under a Creative Commons attribution, non-commercial licence (Scotland). See full copyright statement. Such material should be attributed to Almond Valley Heritage Trust and, where practical, a hyperlink provided to www.scottishshale.co.uk.