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Addiewell No. 2, 5 & 6 Pits

Location 55.846936, -3.594609 (No. 2 Pit) show in map, 55.849123, -3.587703 (No. 5 Pit) show in map, 55.850379, -3.586624
(No. 6 Pit) show in map
Shale-field West Calder shale-field
Dates opened and closed Opened c.1865, abandoned c.1870
Owner Youngs Paraffin Light & Mineral Oil Company Ltd
Type of working Vertical shaft
Seams worked Fells shale
Oil works served Addiewell Chemical Works
Current status of site Within landscaped bing


Part of a complicated arrangement of early shale and coal mines and pits close to Addiewell Chemical Works. It appears that mines and pits may have been ordered in separate sequences. See also Addiewell No. 2 & 3 Mines and Addiewell No. 4 Pit & No. 1 Mine.

It appears that No. 2, No. 5 and No. 6 Pits all accessed the Fells shale and were abandoned c.1870. No. 2 pit may also have accessed an area of Grey shale, worked out in c. 1891. No. 1 and No. 3 pits served workings in the Houston coal, but might also have accessed the Fells shale.

Coal Authority mine abandonment catalogue list the following workings:


Ordnance Survey maps reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland.

Underground Workings

Recent Images


SERIOUS ASSAULT IN A SHALE PIT. - At the Sheriff Summary Court, Edinburgh, on Saturday, before Sheriff Hallard, Donald McKay and Alexander McKenna were charged with assaulting John Demsie, signalman in No. 2 shale pit, Addiewell. From the evidence it appeared that Demsie was responsible for the working of the cages sent up from the pit bottom. The prisoners who are "drawers", and bound to obey Demsie, came to the pit bottom with some hutches filled with shale, and, after having been forbidden to do so, shoved the hutches on to the cage, notwithstanding that Demsie had signalled to the engineer at the top that the cage was coming up with men. Demsie, after a struggle, got the hutches out of the cage, when the prisoners attacked him with great ferocity, knocking him down and unmercifully beating him. The Sheriff said this was not an ordinary case of assault; it was also a breach of discipline, where human life was endangered by the conduct of the accused; and as it was essential that an example should be made to prevent the recurrence of a similar offence, he sentenced each of the prisoners to thirty days' imprisonment. The Falkirk Herald, 27th June 1872

Accident Records